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Overview of International Call Recording Laws 

Whether call recordings will be admissible in court will depend on various factors such as the country where the case is taking place, the reliability of the recording, the legality of consent, and more.

Please see the provisions of the European call recording laws below. If you are curious about the laws of other continents, please download the excel file below.

Overview of European Laws


Two-Party Consent (Main)

One-Party Consent (Exceptions)

- Purpose of Safeguarding Public Interests'

*German Criminal Code - Section 201

United Kingdom

One-Party Consent

- Personal Use

- Public's Interest

- Evidence in Court

- Compliance or Self-Regulatory Practices

- Purpose of Detecting Crimes

Two-Party Consent

- Purpose of Safeguarding Public Interests'

- Business Conversations / Work Meetings

- Sell to Third Parties

- Release in Public

*Telecommunications Regulations 2000


One-Party Consent

*Criminal Code of Netherlands - Section 139


One-Party Consent

- Personal Use

- Lawful Interests

- Obligations of a Contract or Imposed By Law

- Evidence in Court

- Scientific, Historical or Statistical Purposes

- Compliance with Legislation (Business)

*Italian Personal Data Protection Code - Section 24

*Supreme Court no. 11322 - 10th May 2018


One-Party Consent

*Spanish Constitution - Article 18

*Spanish Penal Code - Article 197

*Data Protection Act 1999


Two-Party Consent

*France Penal Code - Article 226-1

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